Chennai, the first city of the
South, and capital of Tamilnadu, has a chequered
history dating back to 1639 when Francis Day and
Andrew Cogan, agents of the East India Company
acquired a Strip of Land granted on lease by the
Vijayanagar Emperor. Fort St.George was built in
Chennai for setting up a factory as a nucleus around
which arose the British settlements. Gradually, but
steadily the old tiny village like Triplicane,
Egmore, Purasawakkam and Chetpat were clubbed with
the new agglomeration of the fast growing
Chennapatnam as it was know then.
Chennai, widely known as Madras till 1996, has a
rich tradition and civilisation with a blend of the
old, and the new, vibrating ceaselessly to keep pace
with the rest of India, as the buoyant metropolis of
the third most industrialised State.
People in Chennai are deep rooted in their cultural
moorings and traditions, even though modernity has
its own impact. Chennai is airy, spacious with
verdant green patches and beaches. With a population
six Million, Chennai is the fourth largest city in
India. It has played a notable role in deciding the
political destiny of India on many occasions.
Chennai has regained its pride of place in the
automobile industry as the 'Detroit of the South'.
Days are not far away when Chennai may be a 'Silicon
City' with high-technological knowledge in software.
May be that real India, in her pristine cultural
warp and beauty as detailed in history, still lives
in chennai. A visit to Chennai to see the graceful
people of glorious land will surely help the visitor
to carry home this imprint of Indian Heritage.
Connemera Public Library
Connemara Public Library at Chennai is one of the
four National Depository libraries which receive a
copy of all books, newspapers and periodicals
published in India. Established in 1890 the library
is a repository of centuries-old publications,
wherein lie some of the most respected works and
collections in the country. It also serves as a
depository library for the UN.
Established in 1857, the Chennai Museum is
undoubtedly one of the country's best museums
located at Egmore. It has sections devoted to
Geology, Archeology, Anthropology, Numismatics,
Botany, Zoology and Sculpture besides which there is
good collection of arms & armour as well as several
other specimens of Anthropological interest. The
museum's prized possessions however, are the relics
from the 2nd century A.D Buddhist site at Amravathi
& Pre-Historic exhibits from the stone & iron ages.
the bronze gallery with its ancient icons & modern
bronzes is perhaps the best found anywhere in the
Chennai is one of the four major international
airports of India. The Kamaraj Domestic Airport and
the Anna International Airport are located at
Tirusulam, 7kms south of Chennai. The city has
representation of almost all airlines of the world.
Many major international airlines have regular
direct flights to Chennai. Domestic airlines operate
daily flights to all major cities of the country
from the domestic terminal.
Chennai is the headquarters of Southern Railway and
well connected to all the major cities
in India through a wide network of railways. Trains
operate from Egmore Junction to different parts of
the state while interstate trains originate from
Chennai Central Station.
Egmore Railway Station
The entire area south of Periyar EVR High Road
(earlier known as Poonamallee High Road) and the
curve of the Cooum river is known as Egmore. This
was originally a small village that the East India
Company acquired in the 17th century, as it began to
expand its territories. Egmore was also one of the
earliest residential localities, where wealthy
company merchants built palatial homes surrounded by
luxuriant garderns - the so - called "garden houses"
that were extremely popular in colonial Chennai.