Corbett National Park, where Project Tiger was
launched in 1973, is regarded as India's finest
national park and its major attractions are the
Tiger, Indian Elephant and Leopard.Corbett national
park is drained by the Ramganga river, the dam at
Kalagarh forming a huge lake to the west of the
national park. The park is essentially a large low
A range of hills runs through the middle of the
national park, roughly east to west. The forests are
moist deciduous, with Sal as the dominant tree.Chir
Pine trees are to be found on the higher ridges of
the hills. On the low-lying areas riverine forests,
with Shisham and Khair trees, are intermixed with
grasslands known locally as 'Chaurs'.
The overage area of the park was 520-sq-kms in 1986,
and a proposed extension of 588-sq-kms is under
consideration. Project Tiger, which was set up with
the help of the World Wildlife Fund, was launched at
Dhikala, in the Corbett
National Park on April 1, 1973. This project was
aimed at saving the Indian tiger from extinction.
Over 50 mammals, 580 birds and 25 reptile species
have been listed in the Corbett National Park.The
insect life is also astounding, noticeably specially
after the monsoons. But undoubtedly, the jewel of
the Corbett is the Indian tiger. It was estimated
that in 1984, the tiger population was 90 in this
Corbett was the former hunting preserve of the
Maharaja of Rewa and at present is a famous natural
hub for White Tigers. White Tigers, in human and
cattle population in the beginning of the 20th
century led to the disturbance of this balance, and
the first man-eaters started appearing. Soon the
numbers of these man-eaters increased and Kumaon
The hunter Jim Corbett became famous with his
leopard shooting exploits in this region. In his
book "Temple Tiger", he describes how he killed the
Champawat Tiger and the Panar Leopard, which had
hunted 836 human beings in the first decade of this
century. However from 1930s onwards, the number of
tigers fell sharply with the increase in the number
of hunters who belonged to the Indian royals as well
The situation deteriorated rapidly and in 1971, the
Indian government banned the killing of tigers.
Project Tiger was started and the Jim Corbett
National Park was formed - the name honoring the
famous hunter of the past.
The Wild Attractions
The Sloth Bear, Himalayan Black Bear, Dhole, Jackal,
Yellow Throated Martem, Himalayan Palm Civet, Indian
Grey Mongoose, Common Otter, Porcupine, Clack-taped
Hare are the other attractions of this area.
is possible to see elephants all over the park too.
There are four species of deer residing over here.
These are the Chital, the well-known Spotted Deer,
Para, Kakka, and the Barking Deer. The Goat
Antelopes are represented by the Ghoral.
There is a lot for the bird watchers in this park.
It has over 580 species of birds. Most of the water
birds are migrant, and arrive in winters. Some of
these are the Greylag, Bar-headed Goose, Duck, Grepe,
Snipe, Sandpiper, Gull and wagtail. The residents
include Darters, Cormorants, Egrets, Herons, the
black-necked Stork and the spur winged Lapwings
Reptiles, which are residents of this area, are the
Gharial, the rare Fish eating, long - nosed
Crocodile, and a few species of Turtles and
Tortoises. The Indian Python, Viper, Cobra, Krait
and King Cobra also inhabit the Corbett National
As with the rest of the country, there are three
well-defined seasons at the Corbett National Park.
winter from November to February, summer from March
to June and the rainy season the rest of the year.
By Air: Phoolbagh, Pantnagar at a distance of 50 km
is the nearest airport. Delhi at a distance of 300
km is the nearest international airport.
By Rail: Ramnagar is on the broad gauge track from
where the road transport options have to be availed
to reach the park.
By Road: Dhikala is 300 km from Delhi, 145 km from
Lucknow and 51 km from Ramnagar. The route from
Delhi spans Hapur-Murababad-Ramnagar. The turn off
is some 7 km beyond Muradabad to the left, marked by
a small board. The route from Lucknow spans
Bareilly. Kichha. Rudrapur. Doraha. Kashipur.