is a sacred town for the Hindus, situated 11 kms. to
the north-west of
Ajmer. About 400 temples and shrines are located at
Pushkar around its holy lake, which finds a mention
in the Padma Purana. Legend has it that Lord Brahma
in search for a spot to hold his 'yagna' (religious
ritual), dropped the lotus from his hand, the three
spots touched by this flower were turned into lakes.
These are today known as the 'Jyeshtha Pushkar'
(main Pushkar), the 'Madhyam Pushkar' (medium
Pushkar) and the 'Kanishtha Pushkar' (little
Pushkar). A temple dedicated to Lord Brahma is
located at Pushkar; the other important temples are
those of Gayatri, Savitri, Shiv and Badri Narayan.
The Pushkar Lake is surrounded by 52 flights of
steps, called 'ghats', many having special legendary
importance. Lord Vishnu is said to have appeared at
the Varah Ghat in the form of a boar. Brahma took a
bath here and performed Yajna at the Brahma Ghat,
accompanied by Vishnu and Mahadev. Guru Govind Singh
chose this site for reciting the sacred Guru Granth
Sahib. The ashes of Mahatma Gandhi were immersed at
the Gandhi Ghat, which was previously called Gau
THE HOLY DIPS ( SNAN )
People consider the water of the Pushkar Lake to be
very sacred and the ritual of taking dips in the
holy water is believed to bestow salvation. The holy
dip is most auspicious on Kartik Poornima. Even
before sunrise, people descend the ghats, aided by
the 'pandas' (Brahmin priests) to take the sacred
bath. Offerings of coconut, flowers, and cash are
made to the lake and the priests.
VISITING THE TEMPLE
After bathing at the lake, people proceed to pay
homage to the creator of the Universe, Lord Brahma,
at the Brahma Temple.
Most pilgrims perform the oblations at the Jyeshtha
Pushkar while some opt to visit all the three
Pushkar and this is called the Panch-Kosi-Parikrama.
Many pilgrims visit all the shrines at Pushkar in
seven days and this is called the
FLOATING LAMPS ( DEEP DAN )
It is customary to float lighted earthen lamps after
placing them on 'pattals' (plates made of leaves) on
the waters of the lake. This creates a spectacular
view in the evening when the sacred lake takes on a
mystical tint sprinkled with twinkling spots of
light. 'Aarti' is offered at the lake in the morning
The world-famous Fair is held in the
sacred and peaceful town of Pushkar, 11 kms.
north-west of Ajmer. It transforms into a
spectacular fair ground for twelve days during the
month of Kartik (Oct-Nov).
The Pushkar Fair, a major tourist attraction draws
people from all over the globe to the ancient and
secluded environment of Pushkar town. Pushkar Fair
is perhaps the largest cattle fair in the world.
Rajasthan which is enriched by cattle wealth is the
home to many recognized breeds of cattle.
In conjunction with the religious fair, a cattle
fair is also organised in the month of Kartik at
Pushkar Cattle-breeders bring a large number of
cattle of various popular breeds such as Nagauri,
Haryanvi, Mewati, Kankrej etc. to the fair to be
sold to the rural folk who appreciate well-bred
animals. The cattle are decorated by their owners
during Pushkar fair and also participate in the
races and are paraded on the sand dunes.
The ancient town of Pushkar is transformed into a
spectacular fair ground in the month of Kartik. The
fair attracts a great number of tourists from far
and wide. The fair-grounds reverberate
with festivity, as rows of make shift stalls display
a bewildering array of items that compete with each
other for the visitors' attention. But the highlight
of Pushkar fair is the trading in camels. Camels are
bought, sold, decked up and paraded on the sand
dunes, presenting a picturesque sight. The camel,
horse and donkey races are events that draw huge
attendance. Body tattooing is yet Horse race.
Pushkar another favorite activity that attracts a
large number of enthusiasts.
The Pushkar fair brings together a large number of
villagers from different parts of the state. Some
come here to sell. Some come here to buy. Some come
here on a pilgrimage. Still others come here just to
enjoy the festivities. The days are filled with fun
and activity. The evenings are filled with music and
dance. Come dusk, and the rich strains of haunting
music are carried across the desert sands as the
merrymaking continues deep into the night. The
profusion of colours that run riot in the desert
sands, the glee and the contagious enthusiasm of the
village folk are a unique experience for every